Unresectable BTC. Disclosure of Interest: None declaredP PREDICTIVE Things FOR Good DIAGNOSIS MALIGNANT BILIARY STRICTURES BY TRANSPAPILLARY BRUSH CYTOLOGY AND FORCEPS BIOPSYOFH. Kondo,I. Naitoh,T. Nakazawa,K. Hayashi,K. Miyabe,S. Shimizu,Y. Nishi,M. Yoshida,S. PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21046372 Umemura,Y. Hori,A. Kato,H. Ohara,T. Joh Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism,Nagoya City University Graduate College of Health-related Sciences,Division of Communitybased Health-related Education,Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences,Nagoya,Japan Speak to E-mail Address: hkondomed.nagoyacu.ac.jp Introduction: Endoscopic transpapillary brush cytology and forceps biopsy are applied broadly for the pathological diagnosis of malignant biliary strictures (MBS). On the other hand,the diagnostic yield remains unclear as a result of the wide variation in reported values,and predictive elements to get a optimistic diagnosis using these strategies have not been established. Aims Approaches: We aimed to clarify the diagnostic yields with the two procedures and predictive variables for a good diagnosis. We reviewed patients with biliary strictures who underwent transpapillary brush cytology (n) andor forceps biopsy (n) involving and at a single academic center. Final results: The sensitivity of forceps biopsy for MBS was substantially higher than that of brush purchase NS-018 cytologyvs. . ; P). The sensitivity of forceps biopsy was substantially larger in bile duct cancer than pancreatic cancervs. . ; P). Multivariate evaluation revealed that a serum total bilirubin level (TBil) ! mgdL (OR: CI: ., p.) was a important independent predictive element for any good diagnosis by brush cytology,and bile duct cancer (OR: CI: ., p),length of stricture ! mm (OR: CI: ., p.),and TBil ! mgdL (OR: CI: ., p.) were important indicators of a constructive diagnosis by forceps biopsy. Conclusion: Endoscopic transpapillary forceps biopsy showed higher sensitivity than that of brush cytology for MBS. Bile duct cancer,length of stricture ! mm and TBil ! mgdL are fantastic indicators of a forceps biopsy. However,the efficacy with the bilateral MS deployment to the malignant HBS has not been compared and discussed with these of unilateral MS deployment yet. Aims Approaches: We carried out the multicenter potential randomized study to investigate the clinical significance of the bilateral MS deployment for the patients with malignant HBS triggered by unresectable biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) (UMIN). To exclude the possibility to include the patients who absolutely needed bilateral stenting,the individuals with HBS as a consequence of pathologically confirmed unresectable BTC were subjected to the unilateral biliary decompression before MS deployment. The sufferers whose unilateral portal blood flow was lost on account of tumor invasion were also excluded. The biliary branch to be drained initially was that which drained by far the most part of the liver below the CT or MR imaging. Following confirming the improvement of your liver function,the sufferers gave informed consent and have been randomly allocated for the endoscopic unilateral or bilateral MS deployment. The MS which was employed within this study is Zeostent (Zeon Healthcare,Tokyo,Japan). The sufferers who have been allocated to the bilateral stenting (BS) had two MS deployed inside the initially inserted branch along with the branch of your contralateral lobe working with the endoscopic partial stentinstent process. The sufferers who were allocated for the unilateral stenting (US) had 1 MS deployed in the initially chosen branch. The principal endpoint is the stentfunction.