Ted- vascularly Perfused Rat StomachRat was anesthetized and the isolated, vascularly

Ted- vascularly Perfused Rat StomachRat was anesthetized and the isolated, vascularly perfused rat stomach was prepared as described previously [20]. 307538-42-7 Briefly, the abdomen was opened with a midline incision under sterile condition. After ligation of the abdominal aorta just above the branching of the celiac artery, a cannula was inserted into the celiac artery via an incision placed on the aorta. Two milliliters of saline solution containing 600 U of heparin were then injected into the Potassium clavulanate web gastric artery via the arterial cannula. Subsequently, a warm (37uC) modified Krebs-Ringer solution bubbled with a mixture of 95 O2 and 5 CO2 was introduced. The venous effluent was collected via a portal vein cannula. A polyethylene tube for gastric lumen perfusate was inserted into the esophagus and the tip positioned in the luminal portion of the stomach. Afterward, the pyloroduodenal junction was exposed, and another polyethylene tube was introduced into the stomach via an incision on the duodenum, and then fixed by a ligature around the pylorus. The perfused rat stomach was isolated and placed in a warm (37uC) small chamber with Krebs-Ringer solution.Microarray Hybridization AssayMicroarray analysis was used to identify transcription profiles of some inflammatory indexes in the pancreas from rat with acute pancreatitis. Array hybridizations were carried out using three biological replicates of RNA samples extracted from the pancreas of AP and control rats. Probe preparation, chip hybridization, and primary data analysis were performed by Capital Bio Corporation (a firm licensed and authorized by Affymetrix to operate in Beijing, China). Arrays were scanned using the Genechip Scanner 3000 7G (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Quantitative analysis was performed using Affymetric MicroArray Suite 5.0-Specific Terms (Statistical Algorithms) GCOS (Affymetrix GeneChip Operating Software) Version 1.4. The differentially expressed genes were identified using SAM (Significant Analysis of Microarray) software, and selected on the basis of their fold changes (.2-fold) as compared to the control specimens.Treatment of the Isolated Rat StomachThe isolated stomach was vascularly perfused with modified Krebs-Ringer solution for 30 min equilibration before the formal experiments. The perfusion was then carried out sequentially with three fluids and each fluid for 20 minutes, totaling 60 minutes. The control group got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution, 2) serum from normalCannabinoid HU210; Protective Effect on Rat Stomachcontrol rats, 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The AP group got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution, 2) serum from AP rats, 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The group of AP+HU got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution+HU210 (1027M), 2) AP serum+HU210 (1027M), 3) KrebsRinger solution. And the group of AP+AM got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution+AM251 (1027M), 2) AP serum+AM251(1027M), 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The gastric lumen of the isolated stomach was perfused with normal saline (pH 7.0). All perfusion fluids ran at a constant rate of 1 ml/min by using micro-infusion pumps. Meanwhile, the solutions and the isolated organs were kept at 37uC by thermostatically controlled units throughout the experiment. The samples from venous effluent or from gastric lumen effluent were collected, at the end of every 20 minutes, into chilled test tubes that were immediately stored at ?0uC for subsequent measuring experiments.Toledo Inc. Zurich, Switzerland) and the readings were then converted to [H+].Solutions.Ted- vascularly Perfused Rat StomachRat was anesthetized and the isolated, vascularly perfused rat stomach was prepared as described previously [20]. Briefly, the abdomen was opened with a midline incision under sterile condition. After ligation of the abdominal aorta just above the branching of the celiac artery, a cannula was inserted into the celiac artery via an incision placed on the aorta. Two milliliters of saline solution containing 600 U of heparin were then injected into the gastric artery via the arterial cannula. Subsequently, a warm (37uC) modified Krebs-Ringer solution bubbled with a mixture of 95 O2 and 5 CO2 was introduced. The venous effluent was collected via a portal vein cannula. A polyethylene tube for gastric lumen perfusate was inserted into the esophagus and the tip positioned in the luminal portion of the stomach. Afterward, the pyloroduodenal junction was exposed, and another polyethylene tube was introduced into the stomach via an incision on the duodenum, and then fixed by a ligature around the pylorus. The perfused rat stomach was isolated and placed in a warm (37uC) small chamber with Krebs-Ringer solution.Microarray Hybridization AssayMicroarray analysis was used to identify transcription profiles of some inflammatory indexes in the pancreas from rat with acute pancreatitis. Array hybridizations were carried out using three biological replicates of RNA samples extracted from the pancreas of AP and control rats. Probe preparation, chip hybridization, and primary data analysis were performed by Capital Bio Corporation (a firm licensed and authorized by Affymetrix to operate in Beijing, China). Arrays were scanned using the Genechip Scanner 3000 7G (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Quantitative analysis was performed using Affymetric MicroArray Suite 5.0-Specific Terms (Statistical Algorithms) GCOS (Affymetrix GeneChip Operating Software) Version 1.4. The differentially expressed genes were identified using SAM (Significant Analysis of Microarray) software, and selected on the basis of their fold changes (.2-fold) as compared to the control specimens.Treatment of the Isolated Rat StomachThe isolated stomach was vascularly perfused with modified Krebs-Ringer solution for 30 min equilibration before the formal experiments. The perfusion was then carried out sequentially with three fluids and each fluid for 20 minutes, totaling 60 minutes. The control group got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution, 2) serum from normalCannabinoid HU210; Protective Effect on Rat Stomachcontrol rats, 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The AP group got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution, 2) serum from AP rats, 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The group of AP+HU got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution+HU210 (1027M), 2) AP serum+HU210 (1027M), 3) KrebsRinger solution. And the group of AP+AM got: 1) Krebs-Ringer solution+AM251 (1027M), 2) AP serum+AM251(1027M), 3) Krebs-Ringer solution. The gastric lumen of the isolated stomach was perfused with normal saline (pH 7.0). All perfusion fluids ran at a constant rate of 1 ml/min by using micro-infusion pumps. Meanwhile, the solutions and the isolated organs were kept at 37uC by thermostatically controlled units throughout the experiment. The samples from venous effluent or from gastric lumen effluent were collected, at the end of every 20 minutes, into chilled test tubes that were immediately stored at ?0uC for subsequent measuring experiments.Toledo Inc. Zurich, Switzerland) and the readings were then converted to [H+].Solutions.